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Turpin Colin, Tomkins Adam. British Government and the Constitution: Text and Materials. Sixth edition — Cambridge University Press, 2007
КНИГИ З ПРАВА | | СКАЧАТЬ КНИГУ 06.02.2018, 21:52
New developments such as the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 and recent case law concerning the sovereignty of Parliament, the Human Rights Act, counter-terrorism and protests against the Iraq War, among other matters, are extracted and analysed. While it includes extensive material and commentary on contemporary constitutional reform, Turpin and Tomkins is a book that covers the historical traditions and the continuity of the British constitution as well as the current tide of change. All the chapters contain detailed suggestions for further reading. Designed principally for law students, the book includes substantial extracts from parliamentary and other political sources, as well as from legislation and case law
Додав: egege | Контактна особа: правознавець | Теги: Конституційні інститути, Конституційне право, прецедент, британия, конституції світу
Переглядів: 20 | Розміщено до: 06.03.2019 | Рейтинг: 0.0/0
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Contents
Part I Constitution, state and beyondThe British constitutional order 3 1 Nature of the British constitution 3 (a) Fundamentals and fluidity 6 (b) Constitutional safeguards 8 2 The constitution and the state 9 3 Constitutional law beyond the state 16 4 Constitutional reform 21 (a) No overall agenda? The coherence of constitutional reform 24 (b) Constitutional continuity 28 © Fate and future of constitutional reform 28 (d) A written constitution? 29The ideas of the constitution 33 1 Democracy and the constitution 34 (a) Representative democracy 35 (b) Participatory democracy 37 2 Parliamentary sovereignty 40 (a) Diceyan orthodoxy 42 (b) Territorial extent of sovereignty: post-colonial independence 47 © Continuing sovereignty and the ‘new view’ 52 (d) Sovereignty reappraised: three contemporary challenges 61 (i) Membership of the European Union 61 (ii) Incorporation of fundamental rights 62 (iii) Challenge of common law radicalism 66 (e) Conclusions 743 The rule of law 76 (a) Government under law 77 (b) Equality before the law 88 © Discretion and the rule of law 94 (d) The rule of law: wider conceptions? 98 (e) The rule of law and parliamentary sovereignty 102 4 Separation of powers 103 (a) A political ideal or a legal principle? 106 (b) The courts in the constitution: judicial review and judicial law-making 112 © Judicial independence and the position of the Lord Chancellor 115 (d) The courts and Parliament 124 (e) Parliament and the executive 130 5 Accountability 132 (a) Access to information and reasons 135Constitutional sources 138 1 Legal rules 138 (a) Statute 139 (b) Subordinate legislation 145 © Common law 146 (i) Developing constitutional common law: a case study 150 2 Conventions 156 (a) How do conventions arise? 161 (b) Doubtful conventions 163 (i) Going to war 163 (ii) Treaties: the Ponsonby Rule 164 (iii) Law Officers’advice 165 © Conventions and laws 165 (d) Patriation of the Canadian constitution: a case study 169Devolution and the structure of the United Kingdom 180 1 The United Kingdom as a union state 180 (a) Federalism 181 (b) Devolution 187 2 The countries of the United Kingdom 192 (a) England 193 (b) Scotland 195 (i) Scotland in the Union 195 (ii) Government of Scotland before devolution 201 (iii) Devolution under the Scotland Act 1998 202 (iv) Parliament and the devolution settlement 212(v) Conclusion: how settled is the current Scottish settlement? 216 © Wales 219 (i) Devolution under the Government of Wales Act 1998 220 (ii) Dissatisfaction with the 1998 scheme for Wales 222 (iii) Devolution under the Government of Wales Act 2006 225 (d) Northern Ireland 228 (i) Devolved government 1921–72 229 (ii) Direct rule 232 (iii) Renewed search for a settlement 233 (iv) Devolution under the Northern Ireland Act 1998 237 (v) Human rights and equality 240 (vi) North-South ministerial council and British-Irish council 242 (e) Devolution: conclusions 243 3 Local government 244 (a) Structure of local government 247 (b) Functions of local authorities 252 (i) Powers 254 (ii) By-laws 256 (iii) Ultra vires and judicial control 256 © Central-local government relations 259The European dimensions 264 1 European Convention on Human Rights 264 (a) European Court of Human Rights and its impact on British constitutional law 266 (b) Domestic influence of the ECHR 270 (i) Before the Human Rights Act 1998 270 (ii) Human Rights Act 1998: its general scheme 271 (iii) Impact thus far of the Human Rights Act 1998 273 2 The European Union 278 (a) Nature and development of the European Union 278 (b) Institutional structure and law-making powers 286 (i) Institutions and bodies of the European Union 286 (ii) Law-making in the European Union 301 © Principles of European law: supremacy, direct and indirect effect and state liability 305 (i) Supremacy 305 (ii) Direct and indirect effect 308 (iii) State liability 312 (d) EU law in the United Kingdom 315 (i) Impact of EU membership on government and Parliament 315 (ii) European Communities Act 1972 318 (iii) Impact of EU membership on questions of public law 321

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Part II GovernmentCrown and government 345 1 The Crown 345 (a) Privileges and immunities of the Crown 348 2 Monarchy and the prerogative 354 (a) Appointment of the Prime Minister 356 (b) Dismissal of ministers 360 © Dissolution of Parliament 362 3 Central government 366 (a) Ministers 366 (i) Conduct of ministers 373 (ii) Ministerial solidarity 376 (b) The Prime Minister 385 (i) The Prime Minister’s Office 390 © The Cabinet 391 (i) Neither ‘Prime Ministerial’nor ‘Cabinet’government: the ‘core executive’thesis 397 (d) Ministerial committees of the Cabinet 400 (e) Government departments 406 (i) ‘Next Steps’: executive agencies 409 (f) Non-departmental public bodies 411 (i) Control and accountability 414 (g) The civil service 416 (i) The civil service: principles and conduct 418 (ii) Civil servants and ministers 423 (iii) Special advisers 426The powers of government 428 1 Executive power 429 2 The government’s powers 433 (a) Parliamentary legislation 434 (i) Making of government bills 435 (ii) Implementation and effectiveness of legislation 441 (b) Delegated legislation 445 (i) Statutory instruments 451 © Prerogative legislation 459 (d) Executive powers 461 (i) Prerogative powers 464 (ii) Nature of the prerogative 467 (iii) Prerogative and statutory powers 469 (e) Administrative rule-making (quasi-legislation) 473(f) Guidance and codes of practice 479 (g) Voluntary agreement and self-regulation 484
Part III Accountability
Parties,groups and the people 493 1 The people in the constitution 494 2 Elections and the mandate 495 (a) Review of constituency boundaries 497 (b) Fairness of the contest 507 (i) Election deposit 507 (ii) Election expenditure 508 (iii) The media 510 © The electoral system 514 (i) Some varieties of proportional representation 521 (ii) The Jenkins Report 524 (d) The mandate 526 3 The people and government 531 (a) Referendums 533 4 Political parties 539 (a) Selection of candidates 540 (b) Party policy 541 © Financial resources 544 5 Pressure groups 546 6 Open government 556 (a) Code of Practice 559 (b) Freedom of Information Act 2000 560
Parliament and the responsibility of government 565 1 Introduction: responsible government 565 2 Individual ministerial responsibility 571 (a) A convention of resignation? 574 (b) Responsibility of civil servants 584 3 The power of Parliament 589 (a) Opposition 591 (b) Backbenchers 599 © The House 603 4 Control and scrutiny 604 (a) Policy and administration 606 (i) Debates 606 (ii) Questions 608
(iii) Select committees 613 (iv) Parliamentary Ombudsman 623 (b) Legislation 630 (i) Primary legislation 630 (ii) Delegated legislation 635 © Finance 637 (i) Public Accounts Committee 640 5 The House of Lords 642 (a) Reform 648
The courts:judicial review and liability 654 1 Nature and foundations of judicial review 654 2 Grounds of review 660 (a) Illegality 661 (b) Irrationality 667 © Proportionality 675 (d) Procedural impropriety and unfairness 682 (i) Bias 682 (ii) Duty to act fairly 685 3 Scope and limits of judicial review 691 (a) Scope of judicial review 691 (b) Standing 692 © Ouster clauses 695 (d) Judicial review of prerogative powers 696 4 Conclusion: the advance of judicial review 700 5 Liability of the Crown 702 (a) Contractual liability 705 (b) Tortious liability 707 © Liability in restitution 709 6 Liability of public authorities 710 (a) Contractual liability 710 (b) Tortious liability 711 7 Tribunals 716
Part IV Liberty
Liberty and the Constitution 727 1 Sources of protection 728 (a) Common law 728 (b) Statute 732 © Statutory interpretation 733 (d) Delegated legislation 737
2 Liberty and the Human Rights Act 1998 739 (a) The Convention rights 740 (i) Absolute and qualified rights 744 (ii) Positive and negative obligations 745 (iii) Scope of protection 750 (b) Convention rights and national security: a case study 754 (i) National security before the Human Rights Act 1998 756 (ii) National security after the Human Rights Act 1998 762 (iii) Analysis and subsequent events 768 3 Freedom of expression 772 (a) Freedom of expression and democracy 773 (b) The ‘Spycatcher’cases 777 © Freedom of expression as a common law ‘constitutional right’ 780 (d) Freedom of expression and statute 782 (e) Freedom of expression and the Human Rights Act 1998 786 (f) Conflict of rights 793 4 Freedom of assembly 796 (a) Common law: the classic authorities 798 (b) Common law preventive powers and breach of the peace 804 © Freedom of assembly as a ‘constitutional right’ 810 (d) Statutory restrictions on freedom of assembly 811

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