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Thomas E.W. The Judicial Process: Realism, Pragmatism, Practical Reasoning and Principles - Cambridge University Press, 2005. Download
КНИГИ З ПРАВА | | СКАЧАТЬ КНИГУ 02.06.2018, 12:03
In the absence of a sound conception of the judicial role, judges at present can be said to be ‘muddling along’. They disown the declaratory theory of law but continue to behave and think as if it had not been discredited. Much judicial reasoning still exhibits an unquestioning acceptance of positivism and a ‘rulish’ predisposition. Formalistic thinking continues to exert a perverse influence on the legal process.Written by a practising judge, this book dismantles these outdated theories and seeks to bridge the gap between legal theory and judicial practice
Додав: egege | Контактна особа: правознавець | Теги: Legal fundamentalism, Cambridge University, precedent, Justice, Human Rights, Judicial Process, common law, pragmatism, Realism, Natural law
Переглядів: 40 | Розміщено до: 02.07.2019 | Рейтинг: 0.0/0
Всього коментарів: 2
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CONTENTS
Preface page xv
1 Introduction 1
Practical skills and legal theory 1
Judges make law – endlessly 3
And judges also make policy – regularly 4
The interpretative approach is wanting 6
Judges and legal theory 7
Theorists and legal practice 9
Bridging the divide 12
A pre ´cis – more or less 14
Conclusion 23
2 Muddling along 24
Practical muddling along 24
The declaratory theory of law 25
Positivism 27
Die Meistersinger von Nu ¨rnberg 27
Positivism and its stubborn survival 29
Aspirational positivism 34
Romantic positivism 37
Natural law 42

Superstition and/or speculation 42
Natural law and human rights jurisprudence 45
Natural law and parliamentary supremacy 49
Conclusion 52
3 The ‘curse’ of formalism 54
Timur, the barbarian 54
The lingering legacy of formalism 55
Formalism will not stay dead 56
The formalism of ‘presumptive positivism’ 58
A short portrait of the formalist judge 62
A case study:Sevcon Ltd v Lucas CAB Ltd 66
Conclusion 73
4 Legal fundamentalism 75
Legal fundamentalism 75
The democratic legitimacy of the judiciary 77
Judicial independence and impartiality 77
The will of the people 79
The judge’s values! 84
Other considerations 86
‘Judicial activism’ 88
The parable of the activist judge 88
An ersatz concept 91
And Lord Denning? 94
Conservative activism 99
A ‘political’ process! 101

Conclusion 104
5 The idolatry of certainty 108
A conversation in chambers 108
An uncertain world 115
The law is inherently uncertain 115
Acknowledged causes of uncertainty 122
The uncertainty of the facts 122
The uncertainty in defining the legal dispute 123
The uncertainty of the ratio 123
The uncertainty of exceptions 124
The uncertainty as to what other jurisdictions are up to 124
The uncertainty arising from an abundance of riches 125
Some underlying causes of uncertainty 125
The imprecision of language 125
The need for finality in judicial adjudication 126
The ‘status’ of justice 128
Two critical consequences 130
Certainty and precedent 131
Certainty as a relevant consideration 135
Conclusion 137
6 The piety of precedent 139
A foolish consistency ... 139
The doctrine of precedent 141
The perceived value of precedent unmasked 144
Stability 145

Reliance 148
Legitimacy 150
Judicial craftsmanship and so on 151
Efficiency 153
‘Non-binding’ precedents? 153
Persuasive precedents 154
‘Famous dicta’ 154
Relevance and justice 155
The ‘attitude of mind’ 157
Conclusion 161
7 The foibles of precedent – a case study 164
Lewis v Attorney-General of Jamaica 164
An assessment, a rebuke and a note of optimism 173
Postscript; don’t speak too soon! 176
8 There is no impersonal law 184
A shout from the rooftops 184
An internal logic and coherence? 186
The doyen – Ronald Dworkin 188
Dworkin’s implausible distinction betweenprinciples
and rules 192
Dworkin’s implausible distinction between principles
and policy 195
Dworkin’s implausible rejection of judicial discretion 202
Dworkin’s implausible justification for precedent 205

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Trigwell’s case: Hercules J confronts Athena J 208
Conclusion 214
9 So, what is the law? 217
‘The law’ is essentially a process 217
Is ‘the law’ what the courts ultimately decide? 219
A more fluid concept 222
The ‘as is’ and ‘ought to be’ distinction dissimulated 224
The rule of law in the scheme of things 225
Rechtsstaat or justizstaat? 231
The judicial oath 238
Conclusion 239
10 The constraints on the judiciary 241
The significance of judicial constraints 241
The external constraints 243
Internalised constraints 245
Some structural constraints 249
A legitimate role for certainty 250
A justifiable role for precedent 251
‘Leave it to Parliament’ 254
Minimalism 265
Vanquishing general discretions 266
Conclusion 267
11 Towards a new judicial methodology 270
A methodology for the twenty-first century 270
Justice and relevance 272
The reality of justice 272

But is justice ‘knowable’? 281
The imperative to be relevant 287
A case study:Fletcher Challenge Energy v ECNZ Ltd 289
Conclusion 299
12 Of realism and pragmatism 302
Hard realism 302
A new realism 302
Realism in practice 305
Determined pragmatism 307
Legal pragmatism 307
Pragmatism in practice 312
Conclusion 314
13 Of ...practical reasoning and principles 316
Practical reasoning 316
The theory of practical reasoning 316
Practical, practical reasoning 320
The all-important facts 321
The legal issue 327
The initial premise 329
A community of considerations 329
Community values 331
Principles to the forefront 334
Common sense 334
A summary 338
Principles 339

Principles and reason 339
Legal principles 343
Conclusion 347
14 Taking law seriously 349
So, will there be a difference? 349
Making overt that which is covert 349
The flow of the river ... 350
The main differences 351
Taking law seriously 354
15 A theory of ameliorative justice 358
Our Lady of Justice ...why the sword? 358
The precept of non-exploitation 360
The ground is cleared – a reconciliation 364
The ground is further cleared – justice? 367
Liberal individualism 371
Equity 375
The common law 379
Contract 382
Tort 386
Public and administrative law 387
...of Marxism and Critical Legal Studies 388
Justice and fairness 392
Conclusion

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